JEEP IN CIVILIAN CLOTHING
the liberating heroes came home in 1945 they needed an all-terrain
vehicle like the original Jeep CJ for adventure and family. Willys-Overland
answered the call with the first all-steel station wagon, equipped with
a six cylinder engine and what was to become Jeep's legendary four wheel
a year after the first civilian Jeep vehicle, the Jeep CJ-2A, the Willys-Overland
all-steel station wagon was an auto industry first. The new wagon
provided all the capability and ruggedness of the original
four-wheel-drive Jeep CJ with the practicality and increased passenger
and cargo space of a station wagon.
new 'Jeep' station wagon had pressed steel framing and three-tone
paintwork which simulated the wood look. It used Jeep running gear and
MB-style front sheet metal and was designed to compete against the
"real" wood wagons still being manufactured by Detroit's Big
The new vehicle chassis was also available in a sedan delivery truck.
Four-wheel-drive would become available in these models in 1949 along
with the 148 cubic-inch 'Lightening' six-cylinder engine.
The 50s saw the introduction of the "Hurricane" engine which
was then the most economical and powerful engine in its class. This was
the standard engine on the wagon with the "Lightening," the
optional V-6. During this time, Willys-Overland continued to sell their
four-wheel drive all-steel station wagon, and even licensed out its
manufacturing to companies in Japan and Argentina.
In 1953 Willys-Overland, the original developer of the Jeep vehicle, was
sold to the Henry J. Kaiser interests for $60 million. This would be the
beginning of Kaiser's influence on the future of 4WD sport utility as
the company began an extensive research and development program that
would seek to broaden Jeep products in this area. The fruits of this
project would first be seen in the fall of 1962.
In October 1962, Jeep introduced the new J-series with the Wagoneer.
This vehicle was bigger than the station wagon and the first of what
could properly be called a Sport Utility Vehicle.
The Wagoneer, powered by the first modern overhead-cam six-cylinder
truck engine known as the 'Tornado-OHC' six, could also be had with an
industry first automatic transmission. It was offered in two and
This, along with the J-series "Gladiator" pickups, was the
first fresh non-military design from the company since the all station
wagon and sporty two-wheel Jeepster. Both the Wagoneer and the Gladiator
found a huge market with construction, agricultural and military buyers
and evolved into a niche with everyday retail buyers who wanted a good
looking, all-terrain vehicle for fishing, skiing, hunting, hauling, and
The second-generation Wagoneer also included a Super Wagoneer Station
Wagon that featured three-tone body striping, vinyl roof, chrome roof
rack, full wheel hubcaps, and white-walled tires. The Super Wagoneer
came with four-wheel drive and power supplied from a 327-cubic inch V8,
and said Kaiser Jeep, "constituted a unique and dramatic approach
to the station wagon market...designed for the prestige buyer who is
rapidly becoming aware of the safety and advantages of four-wheel-drive.
While being the ultimate in detailed elegance, the new vehicle still has
all the traditional versatility and
ability of Jeep vehicles to go on or
Cherokee in the woods
In the 70s, four-wheel-drive vehicles made a major leap from utility to
family motoring. By the end of the decade, Ford, Chevrolet and Chrysler
had all launched new vehicles for the burgeoning sport utility market.
The Jeep Wagoneer for 1972 included the biggest standard engine in the
4WD station wagon field -- a 258-cubic-inch AMC-built OHV 6-cylinder. In
1974, The Cherokee Chief became the two-door version of the Wagoneer,
and there was also the larger Custom Wagoneer. A four door model of the
Cherokee was available by 1977.
Although the sporty Cherokee was similar to the more luxurious Wagoneer
at birth, down the road the names Cherokee and Cherokee Chief would
apply to the most successful Jeep vehicle in history.
Also introduced to the Wagoneer line during the 70s was Quadra-Trac, an
automatic full-time 4WD system. This was another Jeep brand industry
extreme Jeeps - Wild Boys Mudfest
A market research program undertaken by American Motor Corporation, the
Jeep brand owner at the time, culminated in the birth of the modern
Research had found that future markets lay in compact sport-utility
vehicles. AMC then pumped $250 million into the design and production of
the new compact XJ Cherokee and Wagoneer sports wagons. They were
introduced to the press at Borrego Springs, California, in late 1983 and
immediately received rave reviews.
new version of the Cherokee was introduced in 1984. It was available in
a two or four door wagon body style. Unit-Body construction, and a
much-improved suspension lead the list of features. The four wheel leaf
springs were replaced by front coil springs and rear leaf springs. The
new Cherokee was much lighter and fuel efficient than the old model.
Very few parts were carried over from the old models. Four Wheel Drive
was optional on all models, and All Wheel Drive was available on some
models. Automatic hubs were standard on all 4x4 models. The Cherokee was
offered in two-door and four-door configurations.
The new Cherokee was a unique and revolutionary vehicle. It measured in
21 inches shorter, 6 inches narrower, 4 inches lower and weighed less
1,000 pounds less than the senior Jeep Wagoneer first introduced in
1962. It was the only compact sport utility to offer two-door and
four-door models and it was built as a Unibody rather than using a
traditional chassis and frame construction. It was named "4x4 of
the Year" from three magazines in 1984. It was powered by either a
four-cylinder base model or an optional 2.8-litre V-6. In 1987, a
4.0-litre V-6 would become the premium power plant.
Jeep Cherokee Limited 4.0i 4x4
base powertrain was a four speed manual transmission with the AMC 2.5l
(151 cid) four cylinder engine. The 2.5l four gained fuel injection, and
an optional five speed transmission for the 1986 model year. A three or
four speed automatic transmission was also available with the four
cylinder. A 2.8l six cylinder was also available with a five speed
manual or four speed automatic transmission. The original six cylinder
was not an AMC engine; it was made by General Motors. The V-6 was the
same engine that was used in many Chevy and GMC Trucks, and Pontiac and
Chevy Sedans. This V-6 was sold by AMC with a 2bbl carburator.
four cylinder Diesel was also available with either the five speed
manual or four speed automatic. The Diesel engine was the Renault 2.0l
Turbo-Diesel. Most of the Diesel Cherokees were sold in Canada and
Europe. In 1986, a pickup truck body was added, the Commanche. It had
bed rails welded onto the back of the cab in lieu of a true frame. The
Commanche is probably the highest production Unit-Body pickup truck ever
configurations were available through the 1986 model year, in four body
trims: base, Chief, Laredo, and Wagoneer. In 1987, the whole line was
revamped, with a new six cylinder engine, and the discontinuance of the
Diesel model in the United States. The new six cylinder was a 4.0l (242
cid) inline, Throttle-Body Injected engine. This engine, aside from
being much more powerful and reliable than the V-6, was the last true
AMC engine, based on the 2.5l four.
Commanche was available in four trims, base, Sport, Chief, and Laredo.
Sales of the Cherokee and Commanche took off in 1987; unfortunately, AMC
had already agreed to the merger with Chrysler. Chrysler made few
changes to the Cherokee after the takeover. Most of the changes were in
the wiring for the Stereo, A/C, etc. etc. Chrysler also changed the
instrument panel for the 1990 model year, but changed it back to the old
AMC panel in 1993. Both engines gained Multi-Port Fuel Injection for the
1991 model year. The 2.5l went to 125 bhp, and the 4.0l went to 190 bhp.
Several four-wheel-drive systems, including Command-Trac and Selec-Trac,
offered either part-time or full-time four-wheel traction. Various
interior and exterior styling, comfort and off-road performance packages
were also offered. The model line continued largely unchanged into the
nineties, although many revisions and improvements were made to the
The 90s saw Jeep engineers develop a right-hand-drive version of the
Cherokee. This produced a model that made it possible to sell to mail
fleets, and to export markets in Britain, Australia and Japan. Over half
of all Jeep vehicles sold overseas are Cherokees. Jeep engineers had one
more model to add to this winning new range: the Grand Wagoneer Limited.
It was introduced as the ultimate luxury performance model, powered by
an electronically fuel-injected 5.9 litre V8 engine. But with the
introduction of the Grand Cherokee in 1993, the Grand Wagoneer Limited
1997 model year brought about the most radical changes in the Cherokee's
design since it's introduction 13 years prior. The body panels were
redesigned for improved aerodynamics, and the interior was changed to a
more Chrysler-esque design. The interior was the most radical change,
where the Cherokee's boxy, Renault-Insipried design became very rounded
and modern. Chrysler plans to continue producing the Cherokee base
Unit-Body unchanged through the 2000 model year. The 2 Millionth
Cherokee rolled off the line at the Toledo, Ohio, plant in July 1996
with President Clinton behind the wheel.
the latest version of the Cherokee combines over 50 years of engineering
and technological excellence with the classic styling and practicality
of a Jeep vehicle. Be sure to check out all the refinements to this
American icon: an all-new interior, dual air-bags** and UniFrame
& Off-Road Vehicles
Joy of Jeep
of the Jeep - Pennsylvania Historical Markers
Ford and Willys-1/4-Ton Reconnaissance Cars.
Acquisitions—Smart Car, Volkswagen “Beetle,” and Willys
3A's Navy Cousin - The CJ-V35/U
Jeep Photos on The CJ3B Page
Chrysler Rebound in China?
nets Jeep Deal
Jeeps' sales results abroad mirror those in North American market
VJ". Jeep.off-road.com. Archived from the
fixed roof coupe
Jeepster top view
Cherokee rock climb & waterfall
Detroit: Jeep blows into auto show with twin-Hemi Hurricane
Around the World on The CJ3B Page
in Argentina on The CJ3B Page
in Australia on The CJ3B Page
in Brasil on The CJ3B Page
Jeep in Canada 1959–69 on The CJ3B Page
to Re-introduce Jeep to China
in Colombia on The CJ3B Page
in France on The CJ3B Page
Jeeps on The CJ3B Page.
in Italy on The CJ3B Page
in Japan on The CJ3B Page
in Korea on The CJ3B Page
in Mexico on The CJ3B Page
in the Netherlands on The CJ3B Page
of the Philippines on The CJ3B Page
firm brings old WWII jeeps back to life.
Electric minibuses start commercial operations in Philippines
Enforcers to drive E-jeeps
in Spain on The CJ3B Page
in Turkey on The CJ3B Page
Mighty Jeep http://www.americanheritage.com/content/mighty-jeep.
Lena Joins the Army", October 1941 first detailed article on
what became known as the Jeep
of a Jeep (1943). United Films, Prelinger Archives, Historical
Public Domain video.
the Postwar Jeep
| LIBERTY |
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