JEEP

 

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THE JEEP IN CIVILIAN CLOTHING

 

When the liberating heroes came home in 1945 they needed an all-terrain vehicle like the original Jeep CJ for adventure and family. Willys-Overland answered the call with the first all-steel station wagon, equipped with a six cylinder engine and what was to become Jeep's legendary four wheel drive.

Introduced a year after the first civilian Jeep vehicle, the Jeep CJ-2A, the Willys-Overland all-steel station wagon was an auto industry first. The new wagon provided all the capability and ruggedness of the original four-wheel-drive Jeep CJ with the practicality and increased passenger and cargo space of a station wagon.

The new 'Jeep' station wagon had pressed steel framing and three-tone paintwork which simulated the wood look. It used Jeep running gear and MB-style front sheet metal and was designed to compete against the "real" wood wagons still being manufactured by Detroit's Big Three.


The new vehicle chassis was also available in a sedan delivery truck. Four-wheel-drive would become available in these models in 1949 along with the 148 cubic-inch 'Lightening' six-cylinder engine.

 

 

 

 

 

THE FIFTIES

The 50s saw the introduction of the "Hurricane" engine which was then the most economical and powerful engine in its class. This was the standard engine on the wagon with the "Lightening," the optional V-6. During this time, Willys-Overland continued to sell their four-wheel drive all-steel station wagon, and even licensed out its manufacturing to companies in Japan and Argentina.

In 1953 Willys-Overland, the original developer of the Jeep vehicle, was sold to the Henry J. Kaiser interests for $60 million. This would be the beginning of Kaiser's influence on the future of 4WD sport utility as the company began an extensive research and development program that would seek to broaden Jeep products in this area. The fruits of this project would first be seen in the fall of 1962.

 

 

 

 

 

THE SIXTIES

In October 1962, Jeep introduced the new J-series with the Wagoneer. This vehicle was bigger than the station wagon and the first of what could properly be called a Sport Utility Vehicle.

 
The Wagoneer, powered by the first modern overhead-cam six-cylinder truck engine known as the 'Tornado-OHC' six, could also be had with an industry first automatic transmission. It was offered in two and four-wheel-drive versions.

This, along with the J-series "Gladiator" pickups, was the first fresh non-military design from the company since the all station wagon and sporty two-wheel Jeepster. Both the Wagoneer and the Gladiator found a huge market with construction, agricultural and military buyers and evolved into a niche with everyday retail buyers who wanted a good looking, all-terrain vehicle for fishing, skiing, hunting, hauling, and off-highway adventuring.

The second-generation Wagoneer also included a Super Wagoneer Station Wagon that featured three-tone body striping, vinyl roof, chrome roof rack, full wheel hubcaps, and white-walled tires. The Super Wagoneer came with four-wheel drive and power supplied from a 327-cubic inch V8, and said Kaiser Jeep, "constituted a unique and dramatic approach to the station wagon market...designed for the prestige buyer who is rapidly becoming aware of the safety and advantages of four-wheel-drive. While being the ultimate in detailed elegance, the new vehicle still has all the traditional versatility and
ability of Jeep vehicles to go on or off road."

 

 

 

 

Jeep Cherokee in the woods

 


THE SEVENTIES

In the 70s, four-wheel-drive vehicles made a major leap from utility to family motoring. By the end of the decade, Ford, Chevrolet and Chrysler had all launched new vehicles for the burgeoning sport utility market.

The Jeep Wagoneer for 1972 included the biggest standard engine in the 4WD station wagon field -- a 258-cubic-inch AMC-built OHV 6-cylinder. In 1974, The Cherokee Chief became the two-door version of the Wagoneer, and there was also the larger Custom Wagoneer. A four door model of the Cherokee was available by 1977.


Although the sporty Cherokee was similar to the more luxurious Wagoneer at birth, down the road the names Cherokee and Cherokee Chief would apply to the most successful Jeep vehicle in history.

Also introduced to the Wagoneer line during the 70s was Quadra-Trac, an automatic full-time 4WD system. This was another Jeep brand industry first.

 

 

 

 

 

Crazy extreme Jeeps - Wild Boys Mudfest

 

 


THE EIGHTIES


A market research program undertaken by American Motor Corporation, the Jeep brand owner at the time, culminated in the birth of the modern Cherokee.

Research had found that future markets lay in compact sport-utility vehicles. AMC then pumped $250 million into the design and production of the new compact XJ Cherokee and Wagoneer sports wagons. They were introduced to the press at Borrego Springs, California, in late 1983 and immediately received rave reviews.

 

The new version of the Cherokee was introduced in 1984. It was available in a two or four door wagon body style. Unit-Body construction, and a much-improved suspension lead the list of features. The four wheel leaf springs were replaced by front coil springs and rear leaf springs. The new Cherokee was much lighter and fuel efficient than the old model. Very few parts were carried over from the old models. Four Wheel Drive was optional on all models, and All Wheel Drive was available on some models. Automatic hubs were standard on all 4x4 models. The Cherokee was offered in two-door and four-door configurations.

The new Cherokee was a unique and revolutionary vehicle. It measured in 21 inches shorter, 6 inches narrower, 4 inches lower and weighed less 1,000 pounds less than the senior Jeep Wagoneer first introduced in 1962. It was the only compact sport utility to offer two-door and four-door models and it was built as a Unibody rather than using a traditional chassis and frame construction. It was named "4x4 of the Year" from three magazines in 1984. It was powered by either a four-cylinder base model or an optional 2.8-litre V-6. In 1987, a 4.0-litre V-6 would become the premium power plant.

 

 

1994 Jeep Cherokee Limited 4.0i 4x4

 

1994 Jeep Cherokee Limited 4.0i 4x4

 

 

The base powertrain was a four speed manual transmission with the AMC 2.5l (151 cid) four cylinder engine. The 2.5l four gained fuel injection, and an optional five speed transmission for the 1986 model year. A three or four speed automatic transmission was also available with the four cylinder. A 2.8l six cylinder was also available with a five speed manual or four speed automatic transmission. The original six cylinder was not an AMC engine; it was made by General Motors. The V-6 was the same engine that was used in many Chevy and GMC Trucks, and Pontiac and Chevy Sedans. This V-6 was sold by AMC with a 2bbl carburator. 

 

A four cylinder Diesel was also available with either the five speed manual or four speed automatic. The Diesel engine was the Renault 2.0l Turbo-Diesel. Most of the Diesel Cherokees were sold in Canada and Europe. In 1986, a pickup truck body was added, the Commanche. It had bed rails welded onto the back of the cab in lieu of a true frame. The Commanche is probably the highest production Unit-Body pickup truck ever produced.

 

These configurations were available through the 1986 model year, in four body trims: base, Chief, Laredo, and Wagoneer. In 1987, the whole line was revamped, with a new six cylinder engine, and the discontinuance of the Diesel model in the United States. The new six cylinder was a 4.0l (242 cid) inline, Throttle-Body Injected engine. This engine, aside from being much more powerful and reliable than the V-6, was the last true AMC engine, based on the 2.5l four.

 

The Commanche was available in four trims, base, Sport, Chief, and Laredo. Sales of the Cherokee and Commanche took off in 1987; unfortunately, AMC had already agreed to the merger with Chrysler. Chrysler made few changes to the Cherokee after the takeover. Most of the changes were in the wiring for the Stereo, A/C, etc. etc. Chrysler also changed the instrument panel for the 1990 model year, but changed it back to the old AMC panel in 1993. Both engines gained Multi-Port Fuel Injection for the 1991 model year. The 2.5l went to 125 bhp, and the 4.0l went to 190 bhp.

 

 

Jeep 4x4 limited edition high output petrol engine

 

 

 
Several four-wheel-drive systems, including Command-Trac and Selec-Trac, offered either part-time or full-time four-wheel traction. Various interior and exterior styling, comfort and off-road performance packages were also offered. The model line continued largely unchanged into the nineties, although many revisions and improvements were made to the Cherokee.



THE NINETIES


The 90s saw Jeep engineers develop a right-hand-drive version of the Cherokee. This produced a model that made it possible to sell to mail fleets, and to export markets in Britain, Australia and Japan. Over half of all Jeep vehicles sold overseas are Cherokees. Jeep engineers had one more model to add to this winning new range: the Grand Wagoneer Limited. It was introduced as the ultimate luxury performance model, powered by an electronically fuel-injected 5.9 litre V8 engine. But with the introduction of the Grand Cherokee in 1993, the Grand Wagoneer Limited was discontinued. 

 

The 1997 model year brought about the most radical changes in the Cherokee's design since it's introduction 13 years prior. The body panels were redesigned for improved aerodynamics, and the interior was changed to a more Chrysler-esque design. The interior was the most radical change, where the Cherokee's boxy, Renault-Insipried design became very rounded and modern. Chrysler plans to continue producing the Cherokee base Unit-Body unchanged through the 2000 model year. The 2 Millionth Cherokee rolled off the line at the Toledo, Ohio, plant in July 1996 with President Clinton behind the wheel.

 

Today, the latest version of the Cherokee combines over 50 years of engineering and technological excellence with the classic styling and practicality of a Jeep vehicle. Be sure to check out all the refinements to this American icon: an all-new interior, dual air-bags** and UniFrame construction.

 

 

Jeep Cherokee 4x4 blue all terrain tires

 

 


JEEP LINKS:

 

1940–1941 Jeep

http://www.chryslergroupllc.com/company/Pages/AboutUs.aspx

Trucks & Off-Road Vehicles

http://www.wordorigins.org/index.php/more/372

Jeep Color History

The Joy of Jeep

The Military Jeep"

Invention of the Jeep - Pennsylvania Historical Markers

Bantam, Ford and Willys-1/4-Ton Reconnaissance Cars. http://books.google.com/?id=Akl0LXTXeT8C&pg=PA68&dq=weight+requirement+Jeep

New Acquisitions—Smart Car, Volkswagen “Beetle,” and Willys

The 3A's Navy Cousin - The CJ-V35/U

Mitsubishi Jeep Photos on The CJ3B Page

Can Chrysler Rebound in China?

Juventus nets Jeep Deal

Toledo-built Jeeps' sales results abroad mirror those in North American market

Jeepster VJ". Jeep.off-road.com. Archived from the original

Jeepster yellow front

Jeepster yellow rear

Jeepster red front

Jeepster fixed roof coupe

196X Jeepster front

196X Jeepster top view

 

 

 

 

 

Jeep Cherokee rock climb & waterfall

 

 

Jeepster Safari

Jewett, Dale. "2005 Detroit: Jeep blows into auto show with twin-Hemi Hurricane

Jeeps Around the World on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Argentina on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Australia on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Brasil on The CJ3B Page

Kaiser Jeep in Canada 1959–69 on The CJ3B Page

Fiat to Re-introduce Jeep to China

Jeeps in Colombia on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in France on The CJ3B Page

Mahindra Jeeps on The CJ3B Page.

Jeeps in Italy on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Japan on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Korea on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Mexico on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in the Netherlands on The CJ3B Page

Jeepneys of the Philippines on The CJ3B Page

Philippine firm brings old WWII jeeps back to life.

earthtimes.org, Electric minibuses start commercial operations in Philippines

manilastandardtoday.com, Enforcers to drive E-jeeps

Jeeps in Spain on The CJ3B Page

Jeeps in Turkey on The CJ3B Page

The Mighty Jeep http://www.americanheritage.com/content/mighty-jeep.

Official website

"Leeping Lena Joins the Army", October 1941 first detailed article on what became known as the Jeep

Autobiography of a Jeep (1943). United Films, Prelinger Archives, Historical Public Domain video.

Meet the Postwar Jeep

 



 

Jeep Wrangler 4x4 utility vehicle alloys red paint

 

 



Cherokee


 

Custom Jeep Cherokee, five spoke alloys

 

 


Clubs

 

 

 

Jeep's new logo for 2007/8

 

 

  JEEP

 

CHEROKEE  | GRAND CHEROKEE

 

   COMMANDER | COMPASS | LIBERTY | PATRIOT | WRANGLER

 


 

 

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Please click on the links above to find out about these famous automotive makers.  If your company is not included and you would like to be listed, please let us know.

 

 

Jeeps at home in deep mud, Venezuela jungle adventure

 

Jeep Wrangler 4.0i 4x4 custom equipped for Venezuelan adventure

 

 

 

 

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No matter what car, van or bike you drive, we're all looking for great value and quality in our UK motor insurance?  But who is the best - who is the cheapest and who offers the great service in the event of a claim?

 

See the insurance companies below who claim to offer competitive cover at sensible prices, our guide to the jargon and tips for cutting your quote - Good Luck:-

 

 

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INSURANCE NOW.CO.UK

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LOCAL BROKER.CO.UK

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SCREENTRADE CAR INSURANCE

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SMARTER MONEY.COM

SONAR DIRECT.CO.UK

SWIFTCOVER

QUICK CAR QUOTE

QUINN DIRECT CAR INSURANCE

QUOTE ZONE CAR INSURANCE

TESCO 

THE INSURANCE CENTRE

TINY QUOTES.CO.UK

VIRGIN

YES INSURANCE.CO.UK

YOUR FINANCE.BIZ

ZURICH

 

Automotive Prehistory Links

CONTACTS

 

 

A taste for adventure capitalists

 

The world's fastest electric land speed record car, a blue bird eco streamliner

 

The world's fastest electric car: 350mph + using energy from nature

 

 

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