1893, Caleb Bradham, a young pharmacist from New Bern, North Carolina,
begins experimenting with many different soft drink concoctions. Like
many pharmacists at the turn of the century he had a soda fountain in his
drugstore, where he served his customers refreshing drinks, that he
created himself. His most popular beverage was something he called
"Brad's drink" made of carbonated water, sugar, vanilla, rare
oils, pepsin and cola nuts.
of Caleb's formulations, known as "Brad's drink", created in the
summer of 1893, was later
renamed Pepsi Cola after the pepsin and cola
nuts used in the recipe. In 1898, Caleb Bradham wisely bought the trade
name "Pep Cola" for $100 from a competitor from Newark, New
Jersey that had gone broke. The new name was trademarked on June 16th,
1903. Bradham's neighbor, an artist designed the first Pepsi logo and
ninety-seven shares of stock for Bradham's new company were issued.
1898 - One of Caleb's formulations, known as "Brad's Drink," a
combination of carbonated water, sugar, vanilla, rare oils and cola nuts,
is renamed "Pepsi-Cola" on August 28, 1898. Pepsi-Cola receives
its first logo.
1902 - The instant popularity of this new drink leads Bradham to devote
all of his energy to
developing Pepsi-Cola into a full-fledged business.
He applies for a trademark with the U.S.
Patent Office, Washington D.C.,
and forms the first Pepsi-Cola Company.
The first Pepsi-Cola newspaper advertisements appeared in the New Bern
1903 - "Doc" Bradham moves the bottling of Pepsi-Cola from his
drugstore into a rented warehouse; he sells 7,968 gallons of syrup in the
first year of operation.
Pepsi's theme line is "Exhilarating, Invigorating, Aids
1904 - Bradham purchases a building in New Bern known as the "Bishop
Factory" for $5,000 and moves all bottling and syrup operations to
this location. Pepsi is sold in six-ounce bottles. Sales increase to
1905 - Pepsi-Cola's first bottling franchises are established in Charlotte
and Durham, North Carolina. Pepsi receives its new logo, its first change since 1898.
1906 - Pepsi gets another logo change, the third in eight years. The
modified script logo is created with the slogan, "The Original Pure
are 15 U.S. Pepsi bottling plants. The Pepsi trademark is registered in
Canada. Syrup sales rise to 38,605 gallons.
The federal government passes the Pure Food and Drug Act, banning
substances such as arsenic, lead, barium, and uranium, from food and
beverages. This forced many soft drink manufacturers, including Coca-Cola,
to change their formulas. Pepsi-Cola, being free of any such impurities,
claimed they already met federal requirements.
1907 - Pepsi-Cola Company continues to expand; the company's bottling
network grows to 40
franchises. Pepsi-Cola sells more than 100,000 gallons
of syrup. Pepsi trademark is registered in Mexico. Syrup sales rise to 104,026
1908 - Pepsi-Cola becomes one of the first companies to modernize delivery
from horse drawn
carts to motor vehicles. Two hundred fifty bottlers in 24
states are under contract to make and sell Pepsi-Cola.
1909 - Automobile race pioneer Barney Oldfield endorses Pepsi-Cola in
newspaper ads as "A bully drink...refreshing, invigorating, a fine
bracer before a race."
1910 - The first Pepsi-Cola bottlers' convention is held in New Bern,
- Pepsi theme line speaks to the consumer with "Drink Pepsi-Cola, it
will satisfy you."
After seventeen years of success, Caleb
Bradham lost Pepsi Cola. He had gambled on the
fluctuations of sugar
prices during W.W.I, believing that sugar prices would continue to rise
but they fell instead leaving Caleb Bradham with an overpriced sugar
inventory. Pepsi Cola went bankrupt in 1923 and its assets were sold to a
North Carolina concern; Craven Holding Corporation for $30,000.
Roy C. Megargel, a Wall Street broker, buys the Pepsi trademark, business
and good will from Craven Holding Corporation for $35,000, forming the
1928 - After five continuous losing years, Megargel reorganizes his
company as the National
Pepsi-Cola Company, becoming the fourth parent
company to own the Pepsi trademark.
1931 - U.S. District Court for Eastern District Virginia declares the
National Pepsi-Cola Company bankrupt, the second bankruptcy in Pepsi-Cola
1931, Pepsi Cola was bought by the Loft Candy Company Loft president,
Charles G. Guth who reformulated the popular soft drink. Charles G Guth,
president of the Loft company struggled to make a success of Pepsi.
He3 commanded the reformulation of the Pepsi syrup formula, and even
offered to sell Pepsi to the Coca-Cola
company, who refused to offer a bid.
1933 - By the end of the year, Guth's new Pepsi-Cola Company is insolvent.
In a series of moves, he acquires Megargel's interest in the company,
giving himself 91% ownership of Pepsi.
1934 - A landmark year for Pepsi-Cola. The drink is a hit and to attract
even more sales, the
company begins selling its 12-ounce drink for five
cents (the same cost as six ounces of competitive colas). The 12-ounce
bottle debuts in Baltimore, where it is an instant success. The cost
savings proves irresistible to Depression-worn Americans and sales
Caleb Bradham, the founder of Pepsi-Cola and "Brad's Drink,"
dies at 66 (May 27th,
1867-February 19th, 1934).
1935 - Guth moves the entire Pepsi-Cola operation to Long Island City, New
York, and sets up national territorial boundries for the Pepsi bottler
1936 - Pepsi grants 94 new U.S. franchises and year-end profits reach
1938 - Walter S. Mack, Jr., V.P. of Phoenix Securities Corporation is
elected President of the
Pepsi-Cola Company. Mack, who considers
advertising the keystone of the soft drink business, turns Pepsi into a
modern marketing company.
1939 - The "Pepsi & Pete" comic strip introduces the
"Twice as much for a nickel" theme in
Pepsi-Cola Company names Mack as CEO.
The Board of Directors removes Guth from the Pepsi payroll after he plans
to personally acquire a competing cola.
In 1940, the Pepsi Cola company made
history when the first advertising jingle was broadcast
nationally on the
radio. The jingle was "Nickel Nickel" an advertisement for Pepsi
Cola that referred to the price of Pepsi and the quantity for that price
"Nickel Nickel" became a hit record and was recorded into
1941 - The New York Stock Exchange trades Pepsi's stock for the first
time. In support of the war effort, Pepsi's bottle crown colors change to red,
white, and blue.
- One on many company sponsored efforts to allow soldiers to communicate
with friends or family. This record was made in New York City but often
booths would be set up with mobile
recording equipment that was bought to
where the soldiers were. Shell material on solid core. 78 rpm.
1943 - Pepsi's theme line becomes "Bigger Drink, Better Taste."
1948 - Corporate headquarters moves from Long Island City, New York, to
1950 - Alfred N. Steele becomes President and CEO of Pepsi-Cola. Mr.
Steele's wife, Hollywood movie star Joan Crawford, is instrumental in
promoting the company's product line.
Pepsi receives its new logo, which incorporates the "bottle cap"
look. The new logo is the fifth in Pepsi history.
1953 - "The Light Refreshment" campaign capitalizes on a change
in the product's formula that reduces caloric content.
1955 - Herbert Barnet is named President of Pepsi-Cola.
1959 - Pepsi debuts at the Moscow Fair. Soviet Premier Khrushchev and U.S.
Vice President Nixon share a Pepsi.
1960 - Young adults become the target consumers and Pepsi's advertising
keeps pace with "Now it's Pepsi, for those who think young."
1962 - Pepsi receives its new logo, the sixth in Pepsi history. The
'serrated' bottle cap logo debuts, accompanying the brand's groundbreaking
"Pepsi Generation" ad campaign.
1963 - After climbing the Pepsi ladder from fountain syrup salesman,
Donald M. Kendall is named CEO of Pepsi-Cola Company. Pepsi-Cola
continues to lead the soft drink industry in packaging innovations, when
the 12-ounce bottle gives way to the 16-ounce size. Twelve-ounce
Pepsi cans are first introduced to the military to transport soft drinks
all over the world.
- Diet Pepsi, iintroduced as America's first national diet soft drink.
Pepsi-Cola acquires Mountain Dew from the Tip Corporation.
- Expansion outside the soft drink industry begins. Frito-Lay of Dallas,
Texas, and Pepsi-Cola merge, forming PepsiCo, Inc.
Military 12-ounce cans are such a success that full-scale commercial
Mountain Dew launches its first campaign, "Yahoo Mountain
Dew...It'll tickle your innards."
1970 - Pepsi leads the way into metrics by introducing the industry's
first two-liter bottles. Pepsi is also the first company to respond to
consumer preference with light-weight, recyclable, plastic bottles.
Vic Bonomo is named President of Pepsi-Cola. The Pepsi World
Headquarters moves from Manhattan to Purchase, NY.
1974 - First Pepsi plant opens in the U.S.S.R. Television ads
introduce the new theme line, "Hello, Sunshine, Hello Mountain
1976 - Pepsi becomes the single largest soft drink brand sold in American
supermarkets. The campaign is "Have a Pepsi Day!" and a
classic commercial, "Puppies," becomes one of America's
best-loved ads. As people get back to basics, Pepsi is there as one of the
simple things in life.
1977 - At 37, marketing genius John Sculley is named President of
1978 - The company experiments with new flavors. Twelve-pack cans are
1980 - Pepsi becomes number one in sales in the take home market.
1981 - PepsiCo and China reach agreement to manufacture soft drinks, with
production beginning next year.
1982 - Pepsi Free, a caffeine-free cola, is introduced nationwide. Pepsi
Challenge activity has
penetrated 75% of the U.S. market.
1983 - Mountain Dew launches the "Dew it to it" theme.
1984 - Pepsi advertising takes a dramatic turn as Pepsi becomes "the
choice of a New Generation." Lemon Lime Slice, the first major
soft drink with real fruit juice, is introduced, creating a new soft drink
category, "juice added." In subsequent line of extensions,
Mandarin Orange Slice goes on to become the number one orange soft drink
in the U.S.
Diet Pepsi is reformulated with NutraSweet (aspertame) brand sweetener.
1985 - After responding to years of decline, Coke loses to Pepsi in
preference tests by
reformulating. However, the new formula is met with
widespread consumer rejection, forcing there-introduction of the original
formulation as "Coca-Cola Classic." The cola war takes
"one giant sip for mankind," when a Pepsi "space can"
is successfully tested aboard the space
shuttle. By the end of 1985,
the New Generation campaign earns more than 58 major advertising and
film-related awards. Pepsi's campaign featuring Lional Richie is the most
remembered in the country, according to consumer preference polls.
1986 - Chairman Donald M. Kendall retires and is succeeded by D. Wayne
acquired in Canada. Pepsi-Cola acquires Mug Root Beer.
1987 - Pepsi-Cola President Roger Enrico is named President/CEO of PepsiCo
Worldwide Beverages. Pepsi-Cola World Headquarters moves from
Purchase to Somers, New York. After a 27 year absence, Pepsi returns
to Broadway with the lighting of a spectacular new neon sign in Times
1988 - Craig Weatherup is appointed President/CEO of Pepsi-Cola Company.
1989 - Pepsi lunges into the next decade by declaring Pepsi lovers "A
Generation Ahead." Chris Sinclair is named President of
Pepsi-Cola International. Pepsi-Cola introduces an exciting new
flavor, Wild Cherry Pepsi.
1990 - American Music Award and Grammy winner rap artist Young MC writes
and performs songs exclusively for national radio ads for Pepsi. Ray
Charles joins the Pepsi family by endorsing Diet Pepsi. The slogan is
"You Got The Right One Baby."
1991 - Craig E. Weatherup is named CEO of Pepsi-Cola North America, as
Canada becomes part of the company's North American operations.
Pepsi introduces the first beverage bottles containing recycled
polyethylene terephthalate (or PET) into the marketplace. The development
marks the first time recycled plastic is used in direct contact with food
1992--Pepsi-Cola launches the "Gotta Have It" theme which
supplants the longstanding "Choice of a New Generation."
Pepsi-Cola and Lipton Tea Partnership is formed. Pepsi will destribute
single serve Lipton Original and Lipton Brisk products. Crystal
Pepsi: a refreshing, clear soda that is caffine free, has 100% natural
flavors, no preservatives and is low in sodium, goes national.
Mountain Dew introduces the popular theme line, "Get Vertical."
1993 - Brand Pepsi introduces its slogan, "Be Young. Have Fun. Drink
Pepsi." Pepsi-Cola profits surpass $1 billion. Pepsi
introduces an innovative 24-can multipack that satisfies growing consumer
demand for convenient large-size soft drink packaging. "The
Cube" is easier to carry than the traditional 24-pack and it fits in
1994 - New advertising introducing Diet Pepsi's freshness dating
initiative features Pepsi CEO
Craig Weatherup explaining the relationship
between freshness and superior taste to consumers. Pepsi Foods
International and Pepsi-Cola International merge, creating the PepsiCo
Foods and Beverages Company.
1995 - In a new campaign, the company declares "Nothing else is a
Pepsi" and takes top honors in the year's national advertising
1996 - In February of this year, Pepsi makes history once again, by
launching one of the most
ambitious entertainment sites on the World Wide
Web. Pepsi World eventually surpasses all
expectations, and becomes one of
the most landed, and copied, sites in this new media, firmly
Pepsi's presence on the Internet.
1997 - In the early part of the year, Pepsi pushes into a new era with the
unveiling of the
GeneratioNext campaign. GeneratioNext is about everything
that is young and fresh; a celebration of the creative spirit. It is about
the kind of attitude that challenges the norm with new ideas, at every
step of the way.
PepsiCo. announces that, effective October 6th, it will spin off its
restaurant division to form
Tricon Global Restaurants, Inc. Including
Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, & KFC, it will be the largest restaurant company
in the world in units and second-largest in sales.
1998 - Pepsi celebrates its 100th anniversary. PepsiCo. Chairman and
CEO Roger A. Enrico donates his salary to provide scholarships for
children of PepsiCo employees. Pepsi introduces PepsiOne - the first
one calorie drink without that diet taste!
2000 - Although Pepsi is a great place to work, Steven Truitt (aka 'struitt')
takes his skills and hard work elsewhere (for more money of course!),
therefore putting an end to his Pepsi page! For more information about
Pepsi, choose a search engine and search for 'Pepsi' or visit
www.pepsi.com or www.pepsico.com.
- Pepsi invited to introduce new brand cola to celebrate the launch of .........................