JAMAICA

 

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Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, 240 kilometres (150 mi) in length and as much as 85 kilometres (50 mi) in width situated in the Caribbean Sea. It is 635 kilometres (391 mi) east of the Central American mainland, 150 kilometres (93 mi) south of Cuba, and 180 kilometres (112 mi) west of the island of Hispaniola, on which Haiti and the Dominican Republic are situated. 

 

 

 

 

Its indigenous Arawakan-speaking Taíno inhabitants named the island Xaymaca, meaning either the "land of springs," or the "Land of wood and water." Formerly a Spanish possession known as Santiago, then the British West Indies Crown colony of Jamaica, the country's population is composed mainly of the descendants of former African slaves. It is the third most populous Anglophone country in the Americas, after the United States and Canada.

 

 

 

Commonwealth of Jamaica

Flag

Coat of arms

Motto: Out of many, one people

Anthem: Jamaica, Land We Love
Royal anthem: God Save the Queen

Capital

Kingston
17°59′N 76°48′W

Largest city

Kingston

Official language(s)

English

Government

Parliamentary democracy

 - Monarch

Elizabeth II

 - Governor-General

Kenneth Hall

 - Prime Minister

Portia Simpson-Miller

Independence

 

 - From the UK

August 6, 1962 

Area

 

 - Total

10,991 km˛ (166th)

 

4,244 sq mi 

 - Water (%)

1.5

Population

 

 - July 2005 est.

2,651,000 (138th)

 - Density

252/km˛ (49th)
653/sq mi 

GDP (PPP)

2005 estimate

 - Total

$11.69 billion (131st)

 - Per capita

$4,300 (114th)

HDI (2003)

0.738 (98th) – medium

Currency

Dollar (JMD)

Time zone

(UTC-5)

Internet TLD

.jm

Calling code

+1-876


 

 

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